Arizona Selected Geographical Facts

State of Arizona Flag

Arizona State Flag
The 13 rays of red and gold on the top half of the flag represent both the 13 original colonies of the Union, and the rays of the Western setting sun.

Red and gold were also the colors carried by Coronado's Spanish expedition in search of the Seven Cities of Cibola in 1540. The bottom half of the flag has the same Liberty blue as the United States flag.

Since Arizona was the largest producer of copper in the nation, a copper star was placed in the flag's center. Flag was adopted 1917.


Arizona was the last of the contiguous 48 states to enter the United States of America. 
The date of admission was February 14, 1912

Arizona is the 6th largest state with 113,628 square miles
Arizona is the 18th most populous state with 5,944,351 persons
Arizona is approximately 400 miles long and 310 miles wide


Arizona is the largest US landlocked state by population


The Mean elevation of Arizona is 4,100 feet above sea level
The Highest elevation is Humphreys Peak, 8 miles North of Flagstaff at 12,643 feet
The lowest elevation is the Colorado River in the SW corner of the state below Parker Dam at 70 feet
The elevation of Phoenix is approximately 1,050 feet

The Hopi, direct descendants of the San Juan Anasazi, have occupied their lands in NE Arizona since 6,000 BC.  
Oraibi, located 90 miles NE of Flagstaff, has been continuously occupied since 500 AD making it the oldest documented settlement in the United States.

Average annual rainfall exceeds 30" in the mountain areas to less than 7" in the Western deserts
Monthly average temperatures range from a high of 105.0 degrees to a low of 38.1 degrees

The highest temperature recorded in Arizona is 128F recorded on June 29, 1994 at Lake Havasu
The lowest temperature recorded in Arizona is -40F recorded on January 7, 1971 at Hawley Lake. 
 

Arizona Highways Map

Arizona Highway Map
Arizona Counties

Arizona Counties



   Arizona contains 15 counties with North Central Coconino being the largest at 18,608 square miles
and South Central Santa Cruz at 1,238 square miles being the smallest.

Coconino with 18,617 square miles is the largest county in Arizona and the 2nd largest county in the U.S.A.
(The largest county is San Bernardino in SE California with 20,160 square miles)

Maricopa county, home of Phoenix, and Arizona's 6th largest county is nonetheless larger than the following states:

Rhode Island - 1,096
Delaware - 1,955
Connecticut - 4,845
Hawaii - 6,423
New Jersey - 7,468
Massachusetts - 7,826
New Hampshire - 8,995

Maricopa County - 9,226

Vermont - 9,267
Maryland - 9,836


Arizona Counties and Population *

COUNTY
SQ MILES
POPULATION

SEAT
POPULATION
Apache
11,204
71,518

St. Johns
3,538
Cochise
6,169
131,346

Bisbee
6,177
Coconino
18,617
134,421

Flagstaff
57,391
Gila
4,767
53,59

Globe
7,187
Graham
4,629
37,220
Safford
8,932
Greenlee
1,847
8,437

Clifton
2,265
La Paz
4,499
20,489

Parker
3,222
Maricopa
9,203
3,817,117

Phoenix
1,461,575
Mohave
13,311
200,186

Kingman
25,547
Navajo
9,953
108,449

Holbrook
5,126
Pima
9,168
980,263

Tucson
515,526
Pinal
5,369
375,770

Florence
17,053
Santa Cruz
1,237
47,420

Nogales
20,833
Yavapai
8,123
211,033

Prescott
40,360
Yuma
5,514
195,751

Yuma
84,688


113,628

5,944,351


Arizona Cities and Phoenix Metropolitan Area

LARGEST
CITIES
RANK
POPULATION

PHOENIX METROPOLITAN
AREA




CITY
RANK
POPULATION
Phoenix
1
1,445,632
Phoenix
1
1,461,575
Tucson
2
520,116

Mesa
2
439,041
Mesa
3
439,041

Chandler
3
236,123
Chandler 4
236,123

Glendale
4
226,721
Glendale 5
226,721

Scottsdale
5
217,385
Scottsdale
6
217,385

Gilbert
6
208,453
Gilbert
7
208,453

Tempe
7
161,719
Tempe
8
161,719

Peoria
8
154,065
Peoria
9
154,065

Surprise
9
117,517
Surprise 10
117,517

Avondale
10
76,238
Yuma 11
93,064

Goodyear
11
65,275
Avondale
12
76,238

Buckeye
12
50,876
Flagstaff
13
65,870
Sun City
13
37,499
Goodyear
14
65,275

El Mirage
14
31,797
Lake Havasu City
15
52,527

Queen Creek 15
26,361
Buckeye
16
50,876

Sun City West
16
24,535
Casa Grande
17
48,571

Fountain Hills 17
22,489
Prescott
18
40,360

Sun City Grande
18
21,700
Bullhead City
19
39,101

New River 19
14,952
Oro Valley
20
38,438

Sun Lakes
20
13,975
Prescott Valley
21
33,068

Paradise Valley
21
12,820
Casa Grande
22
32,855

Tolleson
22
6,545
Apache Junction
23
32,297

Wickenburg
23
6,363
Marana
24
26,098

Youngtown
24
6,156
Kingman
25
25,547

Guadalupe
25
5,523
Fountain Hills
26
23,217

Litchfield Park
26
5,476
El Mirage
27
22,171

Cave Creek
27
5,015
San Luis
28
21,646

Carefree
28
3,363
Nogales
29
20,833

Gila Bend
29
1,922
Florence
30
17,053

Rio Verde
30
1,811
Douglas
31
16,791








3,601,883

Data for this page were taken from United States Census Bureau
Data for this page were taken from 50 States
* Population Estimates were provided by US Census Bureau for the year 2005

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