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Arizona Selected Geographical Facts


State of Arizona Flag

Arizona State Flag
The 13 rays of red and gold on the top half of the flag represent both the 13 original colonies of the Union, and the rays of the Western setting sun.

Red and gold were also the colors carried by Coronado's Spanish expedition in search of the Seven Cities of Cibola in 1540. The bottom half of the flag has the same Liberty blue as the United States flag.

Since Arizona was the largest producer of copper in the nation, a copper star was placed in the flag's center. Flag was adopted 1917.


Arizona was the last of the contiguous 48 states to enter the United States of America. The date of admission was February 14, 1912

Arizona is the 6th largest state with 113,628 square miles

Arizona is the 18th most populous state with 5,944,351 persons

Arizona is approximately 400 miles long and 310 miles wide

Arizona is the largest US landlocked state by population

The Mean elevation of Arizona is 4,100 feet above sea level

The Highest elevation is Humphreys Peak,
8 miles North of Flagstaff at 12,643 feet

The lowest elevation is the Colorado River in the
SW corner of the state below Parker Dam at 70 feet

The elevation of Phoenix is approximately 1,050 feet

The Hopi, direct descendants of the San Juan Anasazi,
have occupied their lands in NE Arizona since 6,000 BC. 

Oraibi, located 90 miles NE of Flagstaff, has been continuously occupied since 500 AD making it the oldest documented settlement in the United States.

Average annual rainfall exceeds 30" in the mountain areas to less than 7" in the Western deserts

Monthly average temperatures range from a high of 105.0 degrees to a low of 38.1 degrees

The highest temperature recorded in Arizona is 128F recorded on June 29, 1994 at Lake Havasu

The lowest temperature recorded in Arizona is -40F recorded on January 7, 1971 at Hawley Lake.

Arizona Highway Map

Arizona Highway Map
Click for a 900 x 1021 Image   Click for a 1800 x 2041 Image

Arizona Counties

Arizona Counties Map


Arizona contains 15 counties with North Central Coconino
being the largest at 18,608 square miles
and South Central Santa Cruz
at 1,238 square miles being the smallest.

Coconino with 18,617 square miles is the largest county in Arizona and the 2nd largest county in the U.S.A.
(The largest county is San Bernardino in SE California
with 20,160 square miles)

Maricopa county, home of Phoenix, and Arizona's 6th largest county is nonetheless larger than the following states:

Rhode Island - 1,096
Delaware - 1,955
Connecticut - 4,845
Hawaii - 6,423
New Jersey - 7,468
Massachusetts - 7,826
New Hampshire - 8,995

Maricopa County - 9,226

Vermont - 9,267
Maryland - 9,836

Arizona Counties and Population *

COUNTY
SQ MILES
POPULATION
SEAT
POPULATION
Apache
11,204
71,474
St. Johns
3,483
Cochise
6,169
126,427
Bisbee
5,208
Coconino
18,617
139,097
Flagstaff
70,320
Gila
4,767
53,159
Globe
7,396
Graham
4,629
37,666 Safford
9,683
Greenlee
1,847
9,529
Clifton
3,685
La Paz
4,499
20,152
Parker
3,046
Maricopa
9,203
4,167,947
Phoenix
1,563,025
Mohave
13,311
204,737
Kingman
28,912
Navajo
9,953
108,277
Holbrook
5,019
Pima
9,168
1,010,025
Tucson
531,641
Pinal
5,369
406,584
Florence
31,110
Santa Cruz
1,237
46,461
Nogales
20,252
Yavapai
8,123
222,255
Prescott
41,899
Yuma
5,514
204,275
Yuma
94,139


113,628

6,828,065

Arizona Cities and Phoenix Metropolitan Area


LARGEST CITY
RANK
POPULATION
 
PHOENIX METROPOLITAN AREA
CITY
RANK
POPULATION
Phoenix
1
1,563,025
Phoenix
1
1,563,025
Tucson
2
531,641

Mesa
2
471,825
Mesa
3
471,825

Chandler
3
260,828
Chandler 4
260,828

Gilbert 4
247,542
Gilbert 5
247,542

Glendale 5
240,126
Glendale 6
240,126
Scottsdale 6
236,839
Scottsdale 7
236,839

Tempe
7
175,826
Tempe
8
175,826

Peoria
8
171,237
Peoria
9
171,237
Surprise
9
128,422
Surprise 10
128,422

Avondale
10
80,684
Yuma 11
94,139

Goodyear
11
79,003
San Tan Valley
12
87,923

Buckeye
12
62,138
Avondale
13
80,684
Sun City
13
39,111
Goodyear
14
79,003

Apache Junction 14
38,074
Flagstaff
15
70,320

Queen Creek 15
34,614
Casas Adobes
16
68,862

El Mirage 16
33,935
Buckeye 17
62,138

Sun CityWest 17
24,338
Lake  Havasu City 18
53,553

Fountain Hills
18
23,899
Casa Grande 19
51,460
Paradise Valley 19
13,922
Catalina Foothills
20
50,940

Gold Canyon
20
9,597
Maricopa   
21
48,602

Tolleson     
21
7,008
Oro Valley 22
43,565

Youngtown     
22
6,613
Sierra Vista
23
43,355

Guadalupe     
23
6,177
Prescott Valley
24
42,197

Litchfield Park
24
5,533
Prescott
25
41,899

Cave Creek
25
5,341
Marana
26
41,315

Carefree
26 3,610
Bullhead City
27
39,445

Sun City
28
39,111

Apache Junction
29
38,074

Queen Creek
30
34,614








3,974,282


Data for this page were taken from United States Census Bureau

Data for this page were taken from Arizona Demographics


Data for this page were taken from 50 States


* Population Estimates were provided by US Census Bureau

  for the year 2016


Pictures of Arizona

(Click on image for larger view)


Monument Valley Arizona
Monument Valley
Monument Valley Arizona
Monument Valley
Grand Canyon
North Rim Grand Canyon
Ponderosa Pine Forest Arizona
Ponderosa Pine Forest
http://www.davidstuff.com/geo/arizona.htmParia Canyon Arizona
Paria Canyon Arizona
Paria Canyon Arizona
Paria Canyon Arizona
Phoenix Arizona
Phoenix Arizona
Central Avenue Phoenix
Central Avenue Phoenix
Horseshoe Bend Arizona
Horseshoe Bend Arizona
Canyon de Chelly Whitehouse Ridge
Canyon de Chelly Whitehouse
Glen Canyon Lake Powell
Glen Canyon Lake Powell
Hoover Dam
Hoover Dam










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